Biodiversity can include everything from towering redwood trees to tiny, single-cell algae that are impossible to see without a microscope. The two main criteria for measuring Biodiversity are : 1 Species richness which means the number of species in a given area. Critical Biodiversity Areas are areas required to meet biodiversity targets for ecosystems, species and ecological processes, as identified in a systematic biodiversity plan. biodiversity and human-wellbeing, and how they would contribute to achieving the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity of ―living in harmony with nature‖. Farming reduces the natural biodiversity of an area yet farms are necessary to feed the worlds human population This situation is an example of? We show that although the perspectives are in The natural disaster prevention mechanisms in most ecosystems and other free services we all get from the surrounding environment are not easily replaceable or replicable, so maintaining biodiversity is … Biodiversity is important, more than just the 'I want my children to enjoy it' reason. 52,946 km2 which represents 8.1% of the total land area of 653,080 km 2 (See Annex 1). The discrepancy between the trends in increasing protected area coverage but declining biodiversity over the last four decades may relate to two key factors: (1) the degree to which protected areas deliver biodiversity outcomes; and (2) the degree to which significant biodiversity is … Kinds of Biodiversity Straddling the two major Indo-Malayan and Palearctic biogeographic realms, Bhutan is part of the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot and contains 23 Important Bird Areas (IBA), 8 ecoregions, a number of Important Plant Areas (IPA) and wetlands, including two Ramsar Sites. With lower biodiversity, if you lose one species, it will have a bigger effect on the ecosystem. It could be the species richness of … It is essential to human wellbeing, as it delivers services that sustain our economies and societies. biodiversity and human-wellbeing, and how they would contribute to achieving the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity of ―living in harmony with nature‖. A common measure of this variety, called species richness, is the count of species in an area.

For example, the richness of diversity allows medicines and foods to be naturally available. The Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) approach helps to identify and designate areas of international importance in terms of biodiversity conservation using globally standardised criteria. We show that although the perspectives are in Biodiversity, the variety of life found in a place on Earth or, often, the total variety of life on Earth. However, this is an increase from the less than 1% afforded protection in 1996.

We seek to clarify these issues by summarising some of these perspectives in relation to the future of area-based biodiversity conservation.