Rules in Utilitarianism Reconsidered 1472 Words | 6 Pages Is utilitarianism able to account for the importance of justice and honesty? Importance of Utilitarianism Utilitarianism sets stringent ethical standards in the workplace that influence the behavior of all its members. Utilitarianism is a highly secular philosophy that originated in Great Britain in the late 18th century, but whose influence continues down to the present day. It is one of several common philosophies used to evaluate business ethics. In many respects, it is the outlook of Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711-1776) and his writings from the mid-18th century. Utilitarianism seeks to create the highest good. Although in a perfect world, we would want to see everyone have equal happiness and opportunities, there is enough of a difference within our various sub-groups that can make this impossible to achieve. Utilitarianism is a family of consequentialist ethical theories that promotes actions that maximize happiness and well-being for the affected individuals. Utilitarianism, in normative ethics, a tradition stemming from the late 18th- and 19th-century English philosophers and economists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill according to which an action is right if it tends to promote happiness and wrong if it tends to produce the reverse of happiness—not just the happiness of the performer of the … "Best consequences" generally refers to well-being, in some sense, although utilitarians differ on Utilitarianism is one of the most important and influential moral theories of modern times. It forms the basis of an ethical program that defines workplace conduct, ethical conduct training and advice, disciplinary action for ethical violations and the like. Utilitarianism says that we should always do what will have the best consequences for all those affected by our actions. Be sure to discuss both rule and act utilitarianism.