Hamlet’s uncle has murdered his father, the king. (Click the themes infographic to download.).

Understand every line of Hamlet .

Hamlet directs these lines to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.

To die, to sleep; To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there's the rub; For in that sleep of death what dreams may come.

Revenge. By William Shakespeare. Hamlet Quotes. Get free homework help on William Shakespeare's Hamlet: play summary, scene summary and analysis and original text, quotes, essays, character analysis, and filmography courtesy of CliffsNotes. Read our modern English translation .

Devoutly to be wish'd.

These words also contain a warning. His words imply that, just as the wind only occasionally blows from the north-north-west, so too is he only occasionally struck by madness. HORATIO Now, sir, young Fortinbras, Of unimprovèd mettle hot and full, Hath in the skirts of Norway here and there Shark'd up a list of lawless resolutes For food and diet to some enterprise That hath a stomach in 't; which is no other Ghosts, perverse family drama, and a vow of revenge: Hamlet is all geared up to be a traditional bloody revenge play… and then it grinds abruptly to a halt. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Hamlet, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.

Hamlet is a political drama.

The theme of friendship and loyalty is seen through the relationship between Hamlet and Horatio. At the same time, the distinction Hamlet draws between how he seems and how he really is also resonates with the theme of deception that runs throughout the play: both Hamlet and Claudius go to great lengths to hide the truth about their actions and intentions, but so do most of the other characters. Hamlet is part of a literary tradition called the revenge play, in which a person—most often a man—must take revenge against those who have wronged him.

He has subsequently done Hamlet out of his right of succession and become king. Act I, Scene i Horatio.

Hamlet’s mother has married the king while the rest of the palace is engaged in palatial intrigues, leading to wider conspiracies and murders. The play isn't about Hamlet's ultimately successful vengeance for his father's murder at all—that's taken care of in about two seconds during Act 5. William Shakespeare's Hamlet follows the young prince Hamlet home to Denmark to attend his father's funeral. When we have shuffled off this mortal coil, Must give us pause: there's the respect.

That makes calamity of so long life; For who would bear the whips and scorns of time, The Hamlet theme of politics. Horatio is the only character that Hamlet can truly trust during the play.