In this version the summaries are given at the end. Some editors preface each section with its summary, but that interrupts the flow. Chapter Summary for Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's Discourse on Metaphysics, section 12 summary. As Leibniz puts it in the Discourse, the situation is like that when several people arrive at a single location based on their previous agreement to meet there. Discourse on Metaphysics G. W. Leibniz Sections 1–13 1. Find a summary of this and each chapter of Discourse on Metaphysics! Leibniz’s theory of Cartesian ideas excludes innateness. Indeed, Leibniz does exceed both the empiricism of Locke (in which all would know the meaning), and the Cartesian doctrine of innate ideas. Read 33 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. The general harmony is used by Leibniz to solve the problem of the relation of mind and body that had been raised by Descartes. Summary Sections 1–29 Leibniz's Discourse on Metaphysics is the first text that presents the philosophy for which Leibniz became famous. – Locke is mistaken: the human soul is not a tabula rasa, a clean slate, which would join the experiment. Leibniz’s Modal Metaphysics First published Fri May 23, 2008; substantive revision Fri Feb 8, 2013 In the main article on Leibniz, it was claimed that Leibniz's philosophy can be seen as a reaction to the Cartesian theory of corporeal substance and the necessitarianism of Spinoza and Hobbes. First launched: September 2004 Last amended: July 2007 Contents Sections 1–13 1 Sections 14–23 9 Sections 24–37 17 Leibniz’s summaries 27 . It can be roughly divided into an initial theological part (Sections 1 to 7) that concerns the perfection of God and the perfection of the universe he created. Discourse on Metaphysics and Other Essays book.