Mesopotamia is thought to be one of the places where early civilization developed. Ancient Mesopotamia and the surrounding area is often called the Fertile Crescent or the Cradle of Civilization. Whether studying the ancient writing of “cuneiform,” reconstructing ancient clay … Mesopotamia is where the first civilization in the world was created. It is a historic region of West Asia within the Tigris-Euphrates river system. Mesopotamia invented new technology.

Home to the ancient civilizations of Sumer, Assyria, and Babylonia these peoples are credited with influencing mathematics and astronomy. Mesopotamia is known as the ‘cradle of civilizations’ because it was here that people first built large cities, created governments to run the city smoothly and also learn to write.” “Mesopotamia means the land between rivers as it is the land of the Middle East between two rivers- Tigris and Euphrates. The rich plant life allowed many animals to live in this region.

Learn about the geography, gods and goddesses, demons and monsters, writings, and more from The British Museum. In fact, the word Mesopotamia means "between rivers" in Greek. The wagon was a transportation revolution for farming and trade.

As you will see from the timeline, power changed hands many times throughout the ancient history of this area. Ancient Mesopotamia was a green land where many plants grew due to the rich soil and occasional rain. Mesopotamia is a region of southwest Asia in the Tigris and Euphrates river system that benefitted from the area’s climate and geography to host the beginnings of human civilization.

It can be difficult to engage kids while studying ancient history, but Mesopotamia, also known as the “cradle of civilization” has many interesting elements that allow for hands-on lessons. History >> Ancient Mesopotamia Ancient Mesopotamia is called the cradle of civilization. The first cities and empires formed here. People living here hunted and gathered the animals and plants. They were the first to use the wheel. They developed a number system based on 60--this explains why we have 60 seconds in minute and 60 minutes in an hour.