Introduction and the Church in Britain The Roman Catholic Church. In the Gospel of John , Jesus states, "I have much more to tell you, but you cannot bear it now. The Catholic Church is the oldest institution in the western world. Authority Within the Church - Roman Catholics believe the authority of the church lies within the hierarchy of the church; Protestants believe Christ is the head of the church.

Adherents must also accept the church as possessing the fullness of revelation, and the church, according to the Roman Catholic catechism, is the only Christian body that is one, holy, catholic [universal], and apostolic. The beliefs of other Christian denominations differ from those of Catholics to varying degrees. Over 1 billion people are members of the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church is the largest Christian church in the world. Catholics believe that it is the same Church started by Jesus Christ and his former protege 2,000 years ago. The Bible is very clear that we cannot earn our way into eternity with God. This resource examines in detail the main differences between Roman Catholic beliefs and the teachings of most other Protestant denominations. Catholicism shares some beliefs with other Christian practices, but essential Catholic beliefs include the following: The Bible is the inspired, error-free, and revealed word of God. Distinctive beliefs of Catholics include the doctrines of Transubstantiation and Purgatory, and distinctive practices include veneration of … The headquarters of the Catholic Church is in the Vatican City.

Baptism, the rite of becoming a Christian, is necessary for salvation — whether the Baptism occurs by water, blood, or desire. The fall of the Roman Empire and the rise of the Catholic Church are really two branches of the same story, as the power was transferred from one entity to the other. Although many Lutheran branches still have bishops, they do not exercise the same type of control over congregations.

Salvation is not by works, but by grace.

But the New Testament idea of faith is not simple; indeed, it possesses a breadth of meaning that has led to varying understandings, even within a single Christian communion. Fundamental in this divine tradition is the Bible , its text determined and disseminated by the church. Church Governance - Luther maintained that individual churches should be governed locally, not by a centralized authority, as in the Roman Catholic Church.
From the time of Constantine (AD 312) until the fall of the Roman Empire in 476, the emperors of Rome claimed a certain amount of authority within the church, even though it was disputed by many church leaders.

It is the world's second-largest religious group after Sunni Islam. Roman Catholic Church - The Basis of Salvation Like all Christians, members of the Roman Catholic Church should examine the basis of salvation in their lives. Our works are merely evidences of our faith, not the basis for salvation.
In order to be saved, all persons who have attained the use of reason must believe explicitly that God exist and that he rewards the good and punishes the wicked; in practice they must also believe in the mysteries of the Blessed Trinity and the Incarnation. We learn to know, love, and serve God from Jesus Christ, the Son of God, who teaches us through the Catholic Church.